The Dominicans arrived in Mexico City in 1526 and by the following year they began to build their convent dedicated to the apostle Santiago. The current temple was begun in 1720 and consecrated in 1755, it is the work of the famous architect Pedro de Arrieta. The convent and the atrium had large extensions and multiple buildings were erected in them, such as the Novitiate, Sala de profundis, cloister of the Generals, small cloister, chapels and orchard.
In the middle of the 19th century, with the triumph of the liberal party and the separation of the State and the Church, the lands were disentailed and part of the convent fell. Today we can enjoy the temple and its three high naves. It preserves several magnificent altarpieces in the interior, the main altar has an altarpiece designed by Manuel Tolsá and in the central place is the old Christ of the Noviciado, an image taken for miraculous in the community of friars. Inside are works of art by painters such as Alonso López de Herrera and Cristóbal de Villalpando. Also surviving in the side chapels are such famous images as the Virgin of the Rosary and the Lord of the Rebozo.
Proyecto “Corredor de Cultura Digital”.
Nombre de la investigación:
Investigación Centro Histórico, Monumentos, Edificios y Puntos de Interés (2023)
Dirección de investigación y diseño de Rutas:
Acércate al Centro A.C.
Guadalupe Gómez Collada
Coordinación e investigación histórica:
Fideicomiso del Centro histórico
Dir. Maestra Loredana Montes
Much loved, in the neighborhood and beyond, the Temple of Santo Domingo is an 18th-century Baroque temple. It was the seat of most important Dominican monastery in the city for many hundreds of years, but today only the temple remains. The front of the temple opens onto Plaza 23 de Mayo, although the larger square to the south, and much of the neighborhood are together referred to as Santo Domingo, after the temple.
A simpler and smaller temple was begun here, probably in 1527 and completed around 1530. That structure, badly damaged by flooding was rebuilt beginning in 1556 and completed by 1571.
The larger project was also to expand the monastery and other buildings around the main temple. That church, too, was then severely damaged during another flood and Pedro de Arrieta was chosen to replace everything in an even more lavish and ornate style. His work began in the first half of the 18th century, and largely determined the temple's appearance as we see it today.
The 19th Century
During the Reforma period of the mid-19th century, much of the monastery's assets were seized, and many were damaged. Construction of Leandro Valle street next to the temple destroyed the monastery and surrounding chapels. Only the southernmost Chapel of Our Lord of Atonement was preserved and remains at the corner of the Plaza 23 de Mayo and Calle Bellisario Dominguez.
Arches to the left of the temple were added prior to the 1968 Olympics to disguise the passage to Calle Leandro Valle and to harmonize the temple's place on the plaza.
[caption id="attachment_11772" align="alignright" width="160"] Barrio Atzacoalco
Walking Route[/caption] In a Latin cross plan, the temple consists of a single longitudinal nave. The vault is built from tezontle stone and rests on arches of quarried stone. Both the nave and the transept contain semicircular apses and enormous altarpieces. Two golden altarpieces in the transept are baroque works of the 18th century. That in the west arm was completed in 1754 and dedicated to the Virgin of Covadonga. The easter altarpiece is dedicated to the Virgin of Camino. The remains of Tlacahuepantzin Yohualicahuacatzin, Pedro de Moctezuma, a son of Moctezuma II, are buried within the temple. The main altarpiece is by the renowned Manuel Tolsá. The Christ statue within it is the oldest image in the church. Dating from the 16th century, it was made from a paste of cornstalks and is popularly known as The Christ of the Novitiate (Cristo del Noviciado). According to legend, it was donated to the Dominicans by a pair of angels. Eleven side chapels are dedicated to: