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Iturbide Palace

IturbidePopularly known as the “Palacio de Iturbide,” the palace was built by architect Francisco Guerrero y Torres in 1782. It was built as a dowry given by the Marquis of Jaral de Berrio to his daughter at her marriage to the Marquis de Villafont. With Mexican Independence, the palace was occupied by Agustín de Iturbide and his family. Troops arrived to the building to cheer him as emperor, and thus began the First Mexican Empire.

The elegant façade is one of the best examples of “civil Baroque” architecture in Mexico City. The two atlantes placed over the high gate stand out. The majestic courtyard is formed by arcades supported by slender columns, influenced by the courtyard of the Royal Palace of Palermo, in Italy. The palace is currently a cultural precinct dedicated to important temporary exhibitions and called the Palacio de Cultura CitiBanamex.

Heart of México Walking Route:  Alameda – Madero

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Proyecto “Corredor de Cultura Digital”.

Nombre de la investigación:
Investigación Centro Histórico, Monumentos, Edificios y Puntos de Interés (2023)

Dirección de investigación y diseño de Rutas:
Acércate al Centro A.C.
Guadalupe Gómez Collada

Coordinación e investigación histórica:
Fideicomiso del Centro histórico
Dir. Maestra Loredana Montes

The Palace of Iturbide, built between 1779 and 1785, is an enormous residential building in the city's historic center. Built by the Count of San Mateo Valparaíso, he presented to his daughter as a wedding gift. Agustín de Iturbide inhabited the building from 1821 - 1823. He accepted the crown of the First Mexican Empire in the same place after the war for colonial independence had been won, and ultimately left the place with his name. Today the building hosts the Fomento Cultural Banamex and is called the Palacio de Cultura Banamex - Palacio Iturbide.

The Building

Designed and begun by Francisco Antonio Guerrero y Torres, it was later finished by his brother-in-law, Agustín Duran. The only four story residential building of its time, it is widely considered a masterpiece of the Mexican Baroque. With three floors and a mezzanine, it shows considerable Italian influence in the Baroque design. The façade is of tezontle and cantera stone. A central gallery is today closed to the public. The façade is decorated with carved stone with organic and geometric motifs such as flowers, small double-tailed mermaids, and graceful male figures. The courtyard inside is surrounded by eighteen arches and these are supported by Tuscan columns. Although early in the 19th century the building housed the College of Mining, the Iturbide Palace was remodeled in 1855 and was used as a hotel for more than 100 years. The building was purchased by the National Bank of Mexico in 1965 and became the seat of the Banamex Cultural Foundation in 1972. Temporary art exhibits are regularly held within the main building and these are very often among the most important in the city. Hours: Daily from 10 a.m. to 7 p.m.

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