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伊图尔维德宫,建于1779年至1785年之间,是墨西哥城历史中心的一座巨大住宅建筑。这座建筑由圣马特奥·巴尔帕莱索伯爵(Count of San Mateo Valparaíso)兴建,作为他女儿的婚礼礼物。阿古斯丁·德·伊图比德(Agustín de Iturbide)在1821年至1823年居住在这座建筑中。他在这里接受了第一次墨西哥帝国的王冠,这是在赢得殖民独立战争后的一项重大事件,最终也以他的名字命名了这座建筑。

今天,这座建筑成为了墨西哥的“巴纳梅文化促进基金会”(Fomento Cultural Banamex)的所在地,被称为“巴纳梅文化宫 – 伊图尔维德宫”(Palacio de Cultura Banamex – Palacio Iturbide)。

这座建筑的设计始于弗朗西斯科·安东尼奥·格雷罗·托雷斯(Francisco Antonio Guerrero y Torres),后来由他的姐夫阿古斯丁·杜兰(Agustín Duran)完成。它是当时唯一的四层住宅建筑,被大众认同为墨西哥巴洛克风格的杰作。


尽管19世纪早期这座建筑曾是矿业学院的所在地,但伊图尔维德宫(Iturbide Palace)于1855年进行了翻修,曾为超过100年的酒店。这座建筑于1965年被墨西哥国家银行收购,并于1972年成为巴西墨西哥银行文化基金会的所在地。


The Palace of Iturbide, built between 1779 and 1785, is an enormous residential building in the city's historic center. Built by the Count of San Mateo Valparaíso, he presented to his daughter as a wedding gift. Agustín de Iturbide inhabited the building from 1821 - 1823. He accepted the crown of the First Mexican Empire in the same place after the war for colonial independence had been won, and ultimately left the place with his name. Today the building hosts the Fomento Cultural Banamex and is called the Palacio de Cultura Banamex - Palacio Iturbide.

The Building

Designed and begun by Francisco Antonio Guerrero y Torres, it was later finished by his brother-in-law, Agustín Duran. The only four story residential building of its time, it is widely considered a masterpiece of the Mexican Baroque. With three floors and a mezzanine, it shows considerable Italian influence in the Baroque design. The façade is of tezontle and cantera stone. A central gallery is today closed to the public. The façade is decorated with carved stone with organic and geometric motifs such as flowers, small double-tailed mermaids, and graceful male figures. The courtyard inside is surrounded by eighteen arches and these are supported by Tuscan columns. Although early in the 19th century the building housed the College of Mining, the Iturbide Palace was remodeled in 1855 and was used as a hotel for more than 100 years. The building was purchased by the National Bank of Mexico in 1965 and became the seat of the Banamex Cultural Foundation in 1972. Temporary art exhibits are regularly held within the main building and these are very often among the most important in the city. Hours: Daily from 10 a.m. to 7 p.m.

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