The sculpture was cast in the garden of the Colegio de San Gregorio, completed by 1803 and placed in December of that year in the main square of the city. After the victory of the Trigante Army, the statue “rode” to the main patio of the University building. Several years later it was placed at the intersection of Paseo de la Reforma and Bucareli Avenue. Since 1979 the sculpture is admired on the old gardens of the Palacio de Comunicaciones, today known as Plaza Tolsá.
It represents Charles IV, King of Spain, dressed as a Roman emperor and riding a trotting horse. The pedestal on which the work stands is the work of the architect Lorenzo de la Hidalga and dates from 1852. It is considered one of the three most important equestrian sculptures in the world.
Proyecto “Corredor de Cultura Digital”.
Nombre de la investigación:
Investigación Centro Histórico, Monumentos, Edificios y Puntos de Interés (2023)
Dirección de investigación y diseño de Rutas:
Acércate al Centro A.C.
Guadalupe Gómez Collada
Coordinación e investigación histórica:
Fideicomiso del Centro histórico
Dir. Maestra Loredana Montes
A Monument to a Maker Despite Its Subject"El Caballito" is not without irony. Mexico City residents are not being affectionate when calling it the "Little Pony" or the "Little Horseman." It's nothing like other important monuments in the city. And in all the world, it's still the second largest cast bronze statue. Manuel Tolsá's equestrian portrait of Charles IV began with a 1796 commission from the Viceroy of New Spain, Miguel de la Grúa Talamanca. With permission from Madrid, work began. A pedestal was built in the Zócalo. Bullfights and parties were held on December 8, 1796. That was seven years before the work could be unveiled. Tolsá worked with Salvador de la Vega who'd cast many of the largest bells in Metropolitan Cathedral. The Foundry was at the Colegio de San Gregorio, and the statue was painstakingly moved to the seven-year-old pedestal. That was 1803. The 1,600-meter move took five days on a cart. It was to be the first of four or five painful moves for the hefty horseman. The final statue weighs about 26 tons. Of course, a lot would have to happen before anyone would even consider moving the statue again. Here's a quick recount: