< Go Back

San Bartolomé Xicomulco Church and Town

Photo: Marrosbas on Wikimedia Commons.


San Bartolomé Xicomulco is one of the 12 original settlements of Milpa Alta. It borders communities in Xochimilco, and like many places in Milpa Alta, it shares common history with much of Xochimilco.

  • Like all of the place names ending with “co,” Xicomulco means “place of.” But in this case, the etymology is not terribly easy. It begins with either Xictli, meaning “navel,” or Xicohtli, meaning “bumblebee.” The most widely accepted translation is “Place of the navel of the slope,” referring to the slopes of the Teuhtli Volcano. It’s visible from most of the town.

The San Bartolomé Apostol Church

The small church at the center of the town is dedicated to Saint Bartholomew the Apostle. It was built in the 17th century and extensively remodeled and expanded in the 19th. In the Baroque style, the elegant façade consists of a single body. But with the choir window and bell tower, it can easily be said to reach a sublime perfection. The dramatic altarpiece is dedicated to the Black Christ.

The right side of the façade bears traces of an older semicircular arcade. This served as an outdoor chapel for many years. The giant atrium at the front of the church is generally used for religious and community affairs. To the rear of the church are a number of government installations and a square that bears a more civic countenance. Just north of the main church is the tiny chapel of San Bartolomé.

San Bartolomé Xicomulco is often a first-stop for visitors coming into Milpa Alta from Xochimilco. An enchanted place, it’s lit up like much of the area with festival and celebrations throughout the year. The Xicomulco Market is a quick walk (about 5 minutes on Avenida 5 de mayo) from the center. It’s just south of the Casa de Cultura Tepecuitlapa, easily the town’s most important cultural meeting points.

How to get here


Casa de Cultura Tepecuitlapa

Nearest at 0.30 kms.

Casa de Cultura Atocpan

Nearest at 1.39 kms.


Villa Milpa Alta

The seat of local government, culture, and trade in Milpa Alta

San Pablo Oztotepec

One of the most scenic of Milpa Alta's 12 original villages, Oztotepec is a must visit on any tour of the region.

San Pedro Atocpan, Milpa Alta

One of Milpa Alta's most dynamic and traditional original towns, it's the Mexico City capital of mole.

San Agustín Ohtenco, Milpa Alta

The youngest of the original towns in Milpa Alta, this one makes up for it with a massive balloon festival.

San Lorenzo Tlacoyucan

One of Milpa Alta's furthest-flung pueblos originarios, this one is on the slopes of the Tlaloc Volcano.

Practical guide and services