It owes its name to the first Constitution enacted in Mexico, the Constitution of Cadiz promulgated in 1812. It is the main square and heart of Mexico, with its origin in the main square of the great Tenochtitlan. In the middle of the 19th century a column in the center of the square was planned to commemorate the Independence of Mexico but only the base ever came to be. People began to call it "El Zócalo" meaning, the base. It was the scene of receptions of Viceroys, funerals of archbishops, the auto de fe of the Inquisition and civil executions by the Crown of Spain. It is considered, along with Beijing's Tianannmen Square and Moscow's Red Square, one of the three most important city squares in the world.
Heart of Mexico Walking Route: Zócalo - Templo Mayor
Proyecto “Corredor de Cultura Digital”.
Nombre de la investigación: Investigación Centro Histórico, Monumentos, Edificios y Puntos de Interés (2023)
Dirección de investigación y diseño de Rutas: Acércate al Centro A.C. Guadalupe Gómez Collada
Coordinación e investigación histórica: Fideicomiso del Centro histórico Dir. Maestra Loredana Montes