< Go Back

El Zócalo

Désolé, cet article est seulement disponible en Anglais Américain et Espagnol Mexicain.

It owes its name to the first Constitution enacted in Mexico, the Constitution of Cadiz promulgated in 1812. It is the main square and heart of Mexico, with its origin in the main square of the great Tenochtitlan. In the middle of the 19th century a column in the center of the square was planned to commemorate the Independence of Mexico but only the base ever came to be. People began to call it "El Zócalo" meaning, the base. It was the scene of receptions of Viceroys, funerals of archbishops, the auto de fe of the Inquisition and civil executions by the Crown of Spain. It is considered, along with Beijing's Tianannmen Square and Moscow's Red Square, one of the three most important city squares in the world.

Heart of Mexico Walking Route: Zócalo - Templo Mayor

<< Index |  Metropolitan Cathedral > >

Proyecto “Corredor de Cultura Digital”.

Nombre de la investigación: Investigación Centro Histórico, Monumentos, Edificios y Puntos de Interés (2023)

Dirección de investigación y diseño de Rutas: Acércate al Centro A.C. Guadalupe Gómez Collada

Coordinación e investigación histórica: Fideicomiso del Centro histórico Dir. Maestra Loredana Montes

How to get here
  • Plaza de la Constitución S/N, Centro Histórico de la Cdad. de México, Centro.


Mexico City Government Building

Nearest at 0.10 kms.

Metro Zócalo/Tenochtitlan

Nearest at 0.10 kms.

Museo de los Cabildos

Nearest at 0.10 kms.

El Balcón del Zócalo

Nearest at 0.2 kms.

Recomendado por CANIRAC

El Rey del Pavo

Nearest at 0.2 kms.

Recomendado por CANIRAC


Gran Hotel de la Ciudad de México

A landmark hotel on the edge of Mexico City's main plaza . . .

Templo Mayor Archaeological Site & Museum

One of the most important sites in the city, even today, don't miss the chance to visit the Templo Mayor.

The National Palace / New Houses of Moctezuma

One of Mexico City's proudest, most enormous parts of history, the Palacio dominates the entire east of the Zocalo.

Metropolitan Cathedral of Mexico City

The first Cathedral to have been built in the Americas.

Antiguo Palacio del Ayuntamiento - Old City Hall Building

Among the earliest on the buildings on the Zócalo, it's still the seat of City government.

Practical guide and services