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Santa Cecilia Acatitlan Archaeological Site

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Santa Cecilia Acatitlán Norte
Foto: Maunus en Wikimedia Commons

The Pyramid and Museum the Santa Cecilia Acatitlan Archaeological Site offer a deep look into one of Mexico City’s most ancient communities. In ancient times, Acatitlan was a minor altépetl (City-State), even then subject to nearby Tenayuca. This was the royal seat of the peoples of the northern Valley of Mexico who’d settled beneath the slopes of the Sierra de Guadalupe.

It’s though that early inhabitants may have arrived from the fallen Teotihuacan. But by 1299, the Tepanecas of ancient Azcapotzalco were demanding their tribute. Collection may have been by Mexica warriors, as they’d not yet consolidated their own capital at Tenochtitlan. Only after 1430 would they rule all of these cities during the golden period of the Triple Alliance.

The pyramid that has survived to this day was the center of a great ceremonial center. Until its discovery, in 1923-1924, it lay underground and it was not until 1961 when the Federal Directorate of Archaeology, the precursor to the National Institute of Anthropology and History (INAH), took an interest in the area.

The ceremonial center of the Pyramid of Acatitlan was mainly dedicated to the worship of Huitzilopochtli and Tlaloc, as in Tenochtitlan. The construction of this pyramid took place in eight successive stages. In the 16th century some structures and external materials were removed to build the nearby Church of Santa Cecilia Virgin and Martyr, which still preserves its splendid original 16th-century structure. It was renovated in the 18th century.

The Museum

The site museum opened in 1961 after extensive archaeological work on the site. It includes five exhibition rooms inside an 1832 adobe house. The collection includes various monoliths, sculptures and carved stones. There are also objects that show later Mexica influence.

The city celebrates an Equinox Festival every March with lights, music and art.

Most international visitors arrive at the site directly from Tenayuca, which is the terminal stop on Metrobus Line 3. It is a ten-minute cab ride from one site to the other. Buses also run north from Tenayuca marked “San Rafael” and “Av. De Los Fresnos.” That trip takes about 30 minutes.

How to get here


Cerro del Tenayo

Nearest at 2.05 kms.

Tenayuca Ruins

Nearest at 2.37 kms.

Drain Workers Monument

Nearest at 2.57 kms.

Mercado Cuautepec

Nearest at 3.27 kms.

Santiago Atepetlac

Nearest at 3.52 kms.


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