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500年的时间洪流,国家宫历经多次的修改和扩建,融合了新古典主义、巴洛克和新殖民主义的元素。现今外观是20世纪后的主要工程设计,新增一楼层。除了拥有丰富的历史艺术遗产,还有多幅迭戈·里韦拉(Diego Rivera)的巨幅壁画,是墨西哥历史的史诗鉅作。

The National Palace takes up the entirety of the east side of the Zócalo. It's the seat of the Executive Branch of the Mexican Federal Government. It takes up some ​​40,000 square meters and has been a World Heritage Site since 1987.

Construction began on the complex in 1522. It was to be the second private residence of Hernán Cortés, built on top of part of the existing palace of the Huey Tlatoani, Moctezuma Xocoyotzin. This palace was known then as the New Houses. With the fall of ancient Tenochtitlán, the Spanish Crown declared it the seat of the Viceroys of New Spain. It operated as such for about 300 years. A great fire destroyed much of the complex in 1692. The palace was rebuilt over the next several decades. With Mexican independence in 1821, it became the seat of the executive, legislative, and judicial powers. This remained the case despite the 19th century's multiple regime changes between republican and monarchical regimes. It was also the personal residence of all the rulers between 1822 and 1884, with the exception of Maximiliano who resided in Chapultepec Castle from 1864-67. Thereafter, the presidential office was in the National Palace until 1968. It partially served again as the presidents' office beginning in 2012, and fully in 2018. It has permanently served as the setting for official, protocol, and civic acts of the Presidency of the Republic throughout all of these years. Heads of State and foreign governments are received here, credential letters from the diplomatic corps are delivered here. The official Cry of Dolores festivities are held here each September 15th, and Mexican Independence is celebrated here on the following day. Over the past 500 years of its history, the building has been modified and extended many times. The National Palace bears Neoclassical, Baroque and Neo-Colonial elements. The present appearance is the result of major work during the second decade of the 20th century when a third level was added. With a valuable historical-artistic heritage, the Diego Rivera murals are magnificent examples of the art that can be found inside. Visits are by guided tour only. Prior reservations should be requested to or at the entrance to the SHCP Museum, Museo de la Secretaría de Hacienda y Crédito Público.

How to get here


Metro Zócalo/Tenochtitlan

Nearest at 0.03 kms.


Nearest at 0.12 kms.


Gran Hotel de la Ciudad de México

A landmark hotel on the edge of Mexico City's main plaza . . .


One of the most important sites in the city, even today, don't miss the chance to visit the Templo Mayor.


There's no center like the very center, and in Mexico City, that means el Zócalo!


The first Cathedral to have been built in the Americas.

Antiguo Palacio del Ayuntamiento - Old City Hall Building

Among the earliest on the buildings on the Zócalo, it's still the seat of City government.

Practical guide and services