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国家宫/蒙特祖马新宅

 

 

国家宫是墨西哥联邦行政机构所在地,位于墨西哥城中心的宪法广场的整个东侧,占地面积约为40,000平方米。自1987年,被列为世界文化遗产。

1522年开始建设,最初为西班牙国王埃尔南·科尔特斯的第二座私人住宅,建在原有的阿兹特克国王,莫克特苏马·科科约辛的宫殿之上,被称为新宫。随着古代特诺奇蒂特兰的复灭,西班牙皇室宣布它为新西班牙总督府,运作时间约300年。

1692年,一场大火摧毁了建筑群的大部分。接下来的几十年里,宫殿得以重建。1821年,随着墨西哥独立,转为行政、立法和司法权力的国家重地。历经19世纪多次共和制和君主制之间的政权更迭,权力中心的地位依旧稳固。

1822年到1884年之间,除了马克西米利亚诺在1864年至1867年间居住在恰普尔特佩克城堡外,宫殿是所有国家领导人的私人住所。直至1968年,总统办公室一直设在国家宫。

2012年之后,部分宫殿再次作为总统办公室,2018年后,全面作为总统办公室据点。

墨西哥总统在宫殿举行各类正式、礼仪和公民活动。国家元首和外国政府领导官员也在此进行接待,包括了外交团队的信任状的交接。

每年9月15日,墨西哥多洛雷斯的官方庆祝活动在宫殿举行,包括了隔日的墨西哥独立日的庆祝活动。

500年的时间洪流,国家宫历经多次的修改和扩建,融合了新古典主义、巴洛克和新殖民主义的元素。现今外观是20世纪后的主要工程设计,新增一楼层。除了拥有丰富的历史艺术遗产,还有多幅迭戈·里韦拉(Diego Rivera)的巨幅壁画,是墨西哥历史的史诗鉅作。

The National Palace takes up the entirety of the east side of the Zócalo. It's the seat of the Executive Branch of the Mexican Federal Government. It takes up some ​​40,000 square meters and has been a World Heritage Site since 1987.

Construction began on the complex in 1522. It was to be the second private residence of Hernán Cortés, built on top of part of the existing palace of the Huey Tlatoani, Moctezuma Xocoyotzin. This palace was known then as the New Houses. With the fall of ancient Tenochtitlán, the Spanish Crown declared it the seat of the Viceroys of New Spain. It operated as such for about 300 years. A great fire destroyed much of the complex in 1692. The palace was rebuilt over the next several decades. With Mexican independence in 1821, it became the seat of the executive, legislative, and judicial powers. This remained the case despite the 19th century's multiple regime changes between republican and monarchical regimes. It was also the personal residence of all the rulers between 1822 and 1884, with the exception of Maximiliano who resided in Chapultepec Castle from 1864-67. Thereafter, the presidential office was in the National Palace until 1968. It partially served again as the presidents' office beginning in 2012, and fully in 2018. It has permanently served as the setting for official, protocol, and civic acts of the Presidency of the Republic throughout all of these years. Heads of State and foreign governments are received here, credential letters from the diplomatic corps are delivered here. The official Cry of Dolores festivities are held here each September 15th, and Mexican Independence is celebrated here on the following day. Over the past 500 years of its history, the building has been modified and extended many times. The National Palace bears Neoclassical, Baroque and Neo-Colonial elements. The present appearance is the result of major work during the second decade of the 20th century when a third level was added. With a valuable historical-artistic heritage, the Diego Rivera murals are magnificent examples of the art that can be found inside. Visits are by guided tour only. Prior reservations should be requested to visitas_guiadas@hacienda.gob.mx or at the entrance to the SHCP Museum, Museo de la Secretaría de Hacienda y Crédito Público.

How to get here

Nearby

Metro Zócalo/Tenochtitlan

Nearest at 0.03 kms.

国家宫殿/蒙特苏马新居

Nearest at 0.12 kms.

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