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教学圣殿:皮拉尔圣母教堂

 

 

教学圣殿(Templo de la Enseñanza)是 18 世纪一所广受赞誉的女子教学修道院的一部分。如今,”教学圣殿 “已成为圣母柱廊教区。它是一个规模更大的住宅和教育建筑群中仅存的一座教堂。它也是唐塞勒斯大街(Calle de Donceles)上的一个重要节点。

由玛丽亚-伊格纳西亚-阿尔佐尔院长创建的这所学校,既是一所公立女子学校,也是一所修道院。它后来成为新西班牙最著名的同类机构。

这座巴洛克风格的纪念性建筑由建筑师弗朗西斯科-格雷罗-托雷斯(Francisco Guerrero y Torres)设计完成。他从 1772 年到 1778 年一直在这里工作。

这里成功的 “Churrigueresque “风格常被称为新世界巴洛克风格的极致。它很可能是同类建筑中的最后一座。在此之后,新古典主义风格将成为所有建筑的主流。伊图维德宫和瓜达卢佩别墅的波西托教堂也是由同一位建筑师设计的。

在这里,我们将看到格雷罗-托雷斯(Guerrero y Torres)最出色的祭坛画之一。您还会想去看看那些令人惊叹的画作,其中大部分出自当时著名画家安德烈斯-洛佩斯之手。这些画描绘的是《圣母升天》和《末日圣母》,其中最具象征意义的是拱顶上的壁画《柱上圣母》。壁画描绘了圣母玛利亚向使徒圣雅各布显现的情景。在 20 世纪,它对 20 世纪 30 年代逃离西班牙内战的流亡者来说尤为重要。他们特别在 10 月 12 日来到这里。

这座建筑群一直是宗教中心,直到 19 世纪改革法出台,许多宗教财产被政府没收。当时,许多寺庙和教堂被用于其他公共服务。

Fotografía: Alejandro,  Attribution 2.0 Generic (CC BY 2.0) license.

[caption id="attachment_11772" align="alignright" width="160"]Atzacoalco Walking Route Barrio Atzacoalco
Walking Route
[/caption] The Templo de la Enseñanza was part of a well-regarded 18th-century teaching convent for women and girls. "The Teaching Temple" is today the parish of Our Lady of the Pillar. It's the remaining church from what was a much larger complex of residential and educational buildings. It's also an important point on the Calle de Donceles. Founded by Mother Maria Ignacia Alzor, it was to be a public school for girls and a convent. It came to be the most renowned institution of its kind in New Spain. A monumental Baroque building, it was completed by the architect Francisco Guerrero y Torres. He worked on the site from 1772 through 1778. The successful "Churrigueresque" here is often referred to as the ultimate in New World Baroque. It's likely among the last buildings of its kind. Neo-classical styles would come to dominate all constructions after this one. The same architect is responsible for the Iturbide Palace and the Pocito Chapel in La Villa de Guadalupe. Here though, we're going to find, inside, one of Guerrero y Torres's best altarpieces. You'll also want to check out the stunning paintings, mostly by a famous artist of the period named Andres Lopez. These depict the Assumption of Mary, the Virgin of the Apocolypse, and one most symbolic is a fresco on the vault dedicated to the Virgin of the Pillar. It depicts the Virgin Mary appearing to St. James the Apostle. In the 20th century it was especially important to members of the exile community who'd fled the Spanish Civil War of the 1930s. They'd come especially on October the 12th. This complex functioned as a religious center until the 19th century reform laws, when many religious properties were seized by the government. At that time, many temples and churches were put to use for other public services. In this case, the school building was converted to use for the offices of the Public Education System and the the convent became the National College. The chapel though, remained pretty much unchanged down to the original art works, and this because of the spectacular artistic value it showed, even then, and already after hundreds of years. Very near to all of the other attractions on Donceles street, and in the city center, this one makes a very worthy place to visit. The church offers limited guided tours, Wednesdays, Saturdays, and Sundays, and as there is much to see and experience, these are recommended.

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