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José Rizal Monument

The Monument to José Rizal dates from 1967. In a quieter section of Lomas de Chapultepec, the monument stands at a prominent intersection of Paseo de la Reforma and Montañas Rocallosas Ote.

  • José Protasio Rizal Mercado y Alonso Realonda (1861–1896) was a Filipino nationalist, writer, and polymath active at the end of the Spanish colonial period in the Philippines. Opposed to Spanish colonial tyranny, in 1882 he entered the Central University of Madrid. His studies were in medicine and humanities. By 1887, he’d completed a novel, Noli me tangere. The work reflected on the sufferings of Filipino people, and ridiculed the ruling religious hierarchy. It was quickly banned but inspired increasing rebellions among the local people.
  • The day Rizal was executed Dec. 30, 1896, remains the turning point in the history of Spanish colonialism in the Philippines. The humanism with which he argued for the cause of Independence remains a strong component of the national democratic ideology of the Philippines even to this day.
  • Although Mexico had achieved independence from Spain in 1821, the Philippines was only liberated from Spain in 1898. The country would then remain under foreign domination by the United States until 1946.

The sculpture is the 1962 work of Francisco Zúñiga. A Costa Rica-born sculptor, he went on to great fame in Mexico. This work from the artist’s most prolific decade, shows the intense sensitivity for which his work has been widely celebrated.

How to get here
  • Paseo de la Reforma, Col. Lomas de Chapultepec I Secc, Alc. Miguel Hidalgo, 11000 CDMX


Galería Nina Menocal

Nearest at 0.51 kms.

Norwegian Embassy in Mexico City

Nearest at 0.54 kms.

Penélope, by Tosia Malamud

Nearest at 0.81 kms.


Centro Deportivo Chapultepec

One of Mexico City's oldest traditional training and sports facilities . . .

La juventud / Francisco Zúñiga

A dramatic and historic 60-year-old sculpture on the IPN campus . . .

Fountain of the Nymphs

A remarkable fountain of Young Women Running in Chapultepec . . .

Nuclear Physicists Fountain

Zúñiga's remarkable homage to indigenous people in the physical sciences . . .

Emperatriz de América Church

One of the most noteworthy structures in San José Insurgentes...

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