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Villa Milpa Alta

Villa Milpa Alta is the largest of Milpa Alta's pueblos, and the seat of the local government. Between the Teuhtli volcano and the Sierra de Chichinauhtzin, it's a high town at 2,700 meters above sea level.

It's also one of the Milpa Alta original settlements. It was founded in ancient times by the Nahuatl-speaking Momoxca people. They called it Malacachtepec Momoxco.  It can be translated as "Place of Momoxco altars," referring to its ceremonial and religious function.

The Spanish renamed it the Villa de Nuestra Señora de la Asunción de Milpa Alta. It remained a colonial agricultural center.

In 1919, the Villa Milpa Alta was famously the site of the Zapatista Plan of Milpa Alta. This was a major land reform demand much of which was not settled until well into the 20th century.

As the seat of the government of the alcaldía of Milpa Alta, it's both the biggest town in the area, and the site of many of the regional festivities and commemorations. Especially famous for the culinary scene, the calendar year is marked by celebrations of corn, beans, chilis, and nopales, the region's most important agricultural product.

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