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圣伊尔德弗朗索古教育学院(相片)

对国际游客来说,圣伊尔德弗朗索古教育学院可能是墨西哥城最常被忽视的“大城市博物馆”之一。它在城市的文化生活中扮演着重要的角色。地理位置便利,展览丰富。馆内设计令人惊艳,有兴趣的旅客可以尽情探索当代、20世纪和历史艺术。Antiguo Colegio de San Ildefonso

圣伊尔德弗朗索古教育学院是由墨西哥联邦文化部、墨西哥城政府和墨西哥国立自治大学(UNAM)共同合作的重要文化中心。它致力于:

通过展览使墨西哥公众熟悉墨西哥丰富多样的艺术遗产。
收藏来自国外博物馆及从未在墨西哥展出的藏品。
结合上述两者条件,提供民众学习体验。

过去25年里,许多最重要的国内和国际展览都在圣伊尔德弗朗索古教育学院举行过。

建筑特色

由三所耶稣会学院合并而成的,圣伊尔德弗朗索古教育学院诞生于1583年。现今的建筑在18世纪最后的40年里进行了重建。不幸的是,耶稣会士在卡洛斯三世国王的命令下被驱逐出了西班牙和新西班牙。随后,这座建筑曾用作兵营、新西班牙政府的学校、法学院,甚至是占领的美国军队(1847年)和法国军队(1862年)的总部。

作为墨西哥历史中心地区最重要的副王时代建筑之一,这座建筑有三层和两个不同的区域。其中一个明显属于巴洛克时期,包括三个庭院(大庭院、小庭院,和侧院)。另一个位于南部的部分在1907年至1931年之间添加,还有两个小庭院。

19世纪末,这座建筑逐渐改建成为国家预备学校的所在地(弗里达·卡罗曾在这里上高中)。教堂和圣堂被改建为图书馆和实验室空间。天文台一直存在到20世纪中期,早期的文献提到这里曾有一个植物园和一个小动物园。

这座建筑一直是值得一游的地方,您可以在这里查看最新的展览时间表。

 

Antiguo Colegio de San IldefonsoBy 1583, the Jesuits has put forward an educational strategy with the creation of the Colegio de San Ildefonso. The institution was supported by Philip III and was rebuilt in the early 18th century to hold the Colegio Chico, the Colegio Grande, and a courtyard for interns. In 1767, the Jesuits were expelled from the all of the dominions of Charles III, and San Ildefonso was left as a student residence. It later became a college again, but now administered by the Secular Clergy. In the 19th century, it served as a barracks three times until the Escuela Nacional Preparatoria (National Preparatory School) was created in the building in 1867. In 1910, that School was incorporated into the National University, but the building continued to serve as a preparatory school until 1980. Between 1907 and 1931 several spaces were built on the Justo Sierra Street side. Among them was the Simón Bolívar Amphitheater and the neocolonial facades. On the San Ildefonso side is the front of a small school with a sculpture of the Virgin of the Rosary carved in alabaster, and a relief of San Ildefonso receiving the chasuble from the hands of the Virgin. Inside is a remarkable group of murals by several painter that constitute an invaluable collection from the Mexican muralist movement. The Salón El Generalito has part of the convent of San Agustín and some portraits of schoolboys from the Viceregal period, among other treasures.

Heart of México Walking Route:  Loreto-San  Ildefonso Route

< < Constitutions Museum | Apartado Palace > >

Proyecto “Corredor de Cultura Digital”.

Nombre de la investigación: Investigación Centro Histórico, Monumentos, Edificios y Puntos de Interés (2023)

Dirección de investigación y diseño de Rutas: Acércate al Centro A.C. Guadalupe Gómez Collada

Coordinación e investigación histórica: Fideicomiso del Centro histórico Dir. Maestra Loredana Montes

How to get here

Nearby

Antigua Escuela de Jurisprudencia

Nearest at 0.07 kms.

光之博物馆

Nearest at 0.08 kms.

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Nuestra Señora de Loreto

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